Gender identity is a personal, internal perception of oneself and so the gender category someone identifies with may not match the sex they were assigned at birth. (ONS).
Sexuality describes a person’s sexual attraction to other people, or lack thereof. Along with romantic orientation, this forms a person’s orientation identity. (Stonewall).
The Protected Characteristic of Race means: A person’s skin colour, nationality, ethnic or national origin. Race/ ethnicity includes White British people, but those who experience racial prejudice and discrimination in the UK are Black, Asian and minority ethnic people. (UK Equality Act, 2010).
You are classed as disabled if you have a physical or mental impairment that has a ‘substantial’ and ‘long-term’ negative effect on your ability to do normal daily activities. (UK Equality Act, 2010).
Neurodiversity is a relatively new term. It helps to promote the view that neurological differences are to be recognised and respected as any other human variation. It is used to counter negative social connotations that currently exist and to make it easier for people of all neurotypes to contribute to the world as they are, rather than attempting to think or appear more ‘typically’. Neurodiversity encompasses all specific learning differences (SpLD), many of which co-occur or overlap. (British Dyslexia Association).